Heidenheim is located at 478-645 meters between Albuch and Härtsfeld at the northeastern end of the Swabian Alb in the Brenz valley widening at the mouth of the Stubentals at the foot of the Hellensteins.
First, there has been human presence in the city of Heidenheim already about 8000 years ago, there was a permanent settlement until about 1300 BC Extensive settlement remains have been preserved mainly from the period 1200-800 BC.
In Roman times, from about 85 AD was the fort in Heidenheim Kastell Aquileia with over 1000 mounted soldiers. The unit stationed there, the ala II flavia milliaria later, probably in AD 159 BC, moved further north to Aalen. The fort Aquileia initially formed the eastern terminus of the so-called Alblimes..
But soon arose in this strategically important location and intersection of five Roman roads and a civilian settlement, one of the largest Roman cities in what is now Baden-Württemberg. Since 233 AD Alemanni repeatedly attacked the Roman frontier fortifications (Upper Germanic-Rhaetian Limes). The task of limes by the Romans 260 AD marked the end of the Roman Heidenheim.
The most important building and symbol of the town is the Castle Hellenstein, from which one has a wide view of Heidenheim and its surroundings. Also worth seeing is the corresponding park. In the immediate vicinity there is the nature theater, which is built halfway into a forest clearing in, and the nature park / wildlife park “Eichert”. Every year, the Opera Festival Heidenheim in Light Stone Castle (Hellenstein). They emerged from the former Castle serenades. Furthermore, there is an annual open-air festival in the nature theater Heidenheim. The Sasse Theatre in Heidenheim Schnaitheim is a permanent fixture.
Every two years (the last time in June 2008) will be held the Heidenheimer Schäferlauf. It was donated in 1723 by the Württemberg Duke Eberhard Ludwig. It was the annual meeting of the Shepherd of Heidenheim and environment. It was a celebration with each hard drive and coronation of a king shepherd pair. To 1828 Shepherd of the run was held, then followed a break until 1922. Then he was held five times until 1952, and since 1972 he is back to regular cultural program of the city. In addition, every three years the “Kontakta”, a fair, instead. Here we meet principally exhibitors (artisans, service providers, etc.) from the region.
Sporting highlights are the Heidenheim fencers days in late March with the competition on the Heidenheimer Cup (considered the heaviest sword single tournament in the world) and the Coupe d’Europe (top-team tournament), which in since 1992, always in the spring discharged annual International Heidenheimer swimming festival and the Aquarena Heidenheim city run, which takes place on the first Sunday in June each year.
In addition, each year since 1996 the Heidenheim Music Night will be held (May and June). In the bars and restaurants of downtown play up to 30 bands and groups. This concept comes from Heidenheim and was a model for other cities, which also unsubscribe annual music nights. Thus, the first night of music in Heidenheim took place in 1996 in Germany.